Who used word environment?

What type of environment word?


the natural world, including land, water, air, plants, and animals, particularly those considered to be something influenced by human activities

environmental history today

through the 40s In the past years, environmental history has grown from the interest of some historians and natural scientists into a full-fledged academic discipline. In the United States, environmental history has acquired a solid institutional foundation, which is reflected in the fact that the annual meetings of the American Society for Environmental History, founded in 1975, attract more than 500 participants. Historical environmental research in Europe is fragmented due to different academic cultures, multiple languages, and funding models. However, since the 1980s there have been very promising and successful initiatives, both at the national level and at the pan-European level. In 1986, the Dutch Net Werk Foundation for Environmental History and Health was founded. One of the most important goals of this institution was to improve communication between Dutch researchers interested in environmental history. By early 2000, the Foundation published four newsletters a year.

Since 1995, Whitehorse Press in Cambridge (UK) has been publishing a journal entitled Ecology and History. As an interdisciplinary journal, the Journal of Environment and History aims to bring together scholars from the humanities and biological sciences in constructing long-form and solid perspectives on current environmental problems. The same can be said of Tijdschrift voor Ecologische Gescheedenis (Journal of Environmental History), a joint Flemish-Dutch initiative published by Academia Press in Ghent, Belgium. This journal deals mainly with Dutch and Belgian subjects, but is also concerned with European environmental history. Each issue contains summaries in English, French and German. In 1999 the journal was changed to the Environmental History Yearbook, and since then the volume has been published every year until 2013. At the end of 2014 Jaarboek was succeeded by a new open access journal: the Journal of the History of Environment and Society (JHES).

Meaning and Definition:

The term environment is derived from the French word “Environia” which means ocean. Refers to both abiotic (physical or non-living) and biotic (living) environments. The word environment means the environment in which living organisms live. Environment and organisms are two dynamic and complex components of nature. The environment regulates the life of living organisms, including humans. Humans interact with the environment more actively than other organisms. Environment usually refers to the materials and forces that surround an organism.

Environment is the sum total of the conditions that surround us at a given point in time and space. It consists of interdependent systems of physical, biological and cultural elements that are individually and collectively interrelated. Environment is the sum of the conditions in which an organism must live or maintain its life process. It affects the growth and development of living forms.


“Earth as a community is a basic concept of ecology,” Aldo Leopold wrote in the collection A Sand County, “but the earth to be loved and respected is an extension of morality… the thing is right when It strives to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of a vibrant community. It’s wrong when it goes otherwise.”

In the early 20th century, chemist Alice Hamilton campaigned against lead poisoning from leaded gasoline, accusing General Motors of manslaughter. The company attacked Hamilton, and it took governments 50 years to ban gasoline Leaded.Meanwhile, industrial smog choked the world’s major cities.In 1952, 4,000 people died in London’s notorious deadly smog.Four years later, the British Parliament passed the first Clean Air Act.(TEXAGB_7)

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