What causes environmental problems?
- Nuclear Family: Consists of father, mother, or mothers and children (biological or legal). A nuclear family can be monogamous (one man and one woman with or without children) or polygamous (one man and several wives) i.e. polygamy or one woman and several spouses i.e. polyandry).
- Extended family: In this type of family, uncles, aunts, cousins, nieces, grandparents, mothers, etc. are all members of the same family, even though they may not live together. There are many nuclear families in the extended family. (texajp_14)
- The complex family: consists of several brothers, sisters and cousins with their wives, husbands and children who live together in the family home. (texajp_14)
Nature of the social environment
Social environment, social context, sociocultural context, or environment refers to the immediate physical and social environment in which people live or in which something occurs or develops. They include the culture in which the individual learns or lives, and the people and institutions with which he or she interacts.
The physical and social environment is a critical factor in active and healthy aging in place, as a central factor in the study of environmental gerontology.
Social Ecology Research
Born in 1921 in New York, Murray Bookchin was a leading thinker on social ecology. He wrote at length about the importance of human relationships with our environment. He developed revolutionary ideas, such as deep ecology and social ecology, which drew on the works of European philosophers such as Plato and Rousseau. Murray Bookchin was an energetic socialist who radically criticized capitalism. He is best known for his ideas about protecting the environment and the need to create a society that does not harm the environment in which we live, which is a basic principle of social ecology. His work has been influential in shaping our understanding of what it means to be human: how deeply rooted we are in nature and how important it is to protect the Earth from environmental destruction.
Examining social issues by examining the relationship between all the working parts of society, which make up the whole, leads us to the socio-ecological model. The socio-ecological model is a theory in the social sciences that analyzes the relationships between social factors and environmental factors. It was created by Urie Bronfenbrenner in 1979, who wanted to find a way to look at “the interaction of social institutions with individual development over time. The socio-ecological model notes five levels: the micro-system, the intermediate system, the external system, the macro-system and the temporal system.
Meaning and concept of social environment:
It is true that man lives in certain geographical conditions and that his society has a certain pattern of economic activities; however, social man is a product of his social environment as much as he is a product of his physical environment and economic conditions The social environment is equated with its culture, and writers such as Graham Wallace have called it its “social heritage.”
According to McIver, man lives in a “complete environment,” a concept of his environment that includes his entire existence.during his residence on the plains or hills And, while engaged in agricultural or industrial activities, lives a life shaped by his social heritage. Born into his reign and into his family, he first learns how to adapt to the customs, practices, beliefs, and mores of his community. (TexAgp_7)