What are the latest environmental issues?
What are the most important sources of air pollution in the world? High on that list is human activity—car exhaust gases, heating and cooling homes, burning fossil fuels to generate electricity and similar activities.
One of the most important factors in poor air quality is poor urban planning. When people are grouped together in a disorganized way, it becomes difficult to get to work, buy groceries, or get the kids to school. All of these tasks suddenly require a personal vehicle, which means more exhaust, more fuel, and more time away from home. The result is many illnesses and diseases in the society such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases.
More than 1 billion people live in areas with severe water scarcity. Climate change is causing prolonged droughts, increasing the number of water-scarce regions, and pushing water-scarce regions to the brink of freshwater depletion.
The United Nations, through SDG 6, affirms that “clean water and sanitation” are basic human rights and encourages the private sector to take proactive steps to ensure water security. Many water-scarce places are centers of water-intensive commercial activities. Recognizing this, investors are incorporating measures to reduce water scarcity and paying stock valuation discounts to companies that make minimal efforts to address threats to water security. Water scarcity is an urgent problem, and without serious interventions, more of the world will share in the suffering caused by this crisis.
In 1950, the world produced more than 2 million tons of plastic annually. By 2015, this annual production had grown to 419 million tons and worsened plastic waste in the environment.
A report in the scientific journal Nature found that nearly 14 million tons of plastic currently enter the oceans each year, damaging the habitats of wildlife and the animals that live in them. Research has shown that if nothing is done, the plastic crisis will grow to 29 million metric tons per year by 2040. If we include microplastics, the cumulative amount of plastic in the ocean could reach 600 million tons by 2040
Supporters of right-wing populist parties are less concerned about climate change
In Europe, those with positive views of right-wing populist parties generally see climate change as a less serious problem. For example, about a third (32%) of Sweden Democrats (SD) supporters say climate change is a very serious problem. By comparison, nearly seven in ten (69%) of Swedes who do not support the SD say climate change is a very serious problem. Likewise, supporters of right-wing populist parties have radically different views of how well their government can handle climate change. In the UK, 49% of those who support Brexit believe the government is not doing much on climate, compared to 78% of those who do not support the party.