What are the types of environment?
Jesse Ausubel was interviewed by journalist/author Robert Preece about PHE’s work on Peak Humans and Peak Humans. The interview covers four dimensions of human functioning: physical (how far and fast can we go?), life (how long can we live and how well?), cognitive (measures of intelligence and learning), and immunogenicity (is our resistance to disease waning?). Podcast recorded December 7, 2022. For audio and transcripts, see Bryce’s website and also on YouTube.
Changing the environment
To meet their needs, people change the environment to meet their goals and needs. Human activities can affect the environment in both positive and negative ways.
Everything that people do requires resources that nature provides for things, such as energy.
Humans can modify the environment to facilitate resource extraction, so that their needs are met in a better way. Such modifications may include drilling holes in the ground to extract oil, building dams to store water and control floods, planting terraces to increase crop production for a large population, etc.
These human-environment interactions produce mostly positive consequences for society. , but it also has far-reaching consequences for the environment. However, some of these interactions may or may not have beneficial environmental consequences. Examples of such outcomes are the recreational use of mountain areas for skiing, hiking, or ecotourism. However, in most cases, the environment ends up being damaged. Human activities have eventually polluted the air, water and soil. This has led to an increase in global surface temperatures (global warming), which puts coastal cities around the world at risk of inundation. The destruction of forests for cultivation and timber production has endangered many species of plants and animals, putting entire ecosystems at risk.
There are 3 types of human interaction with the environment:
- the way humans depend on the environment for food, water, wood, natural gas, etc.
- the way they adapt
- the way people change the environment positively or negatively, such as digging holes and building dams
- using natural resources
Why is it important for people to interact with the environment?
Rather than being important, humans simply need to interact with the environment to obtain various necessities such as food, water, medicines, materials – the list goes on.
As a result of large-scale industrial resource extraction, environmental damage has occurred and continues to occur. These damages directly affect human survival. (texajp_7)