What are types of pollution?

What is called environmental pollution?

thermal pollution

Thermal pollution comes from extreme changes in temperature. This can kill or harm aquatic animals and alter air quality for people, animals and plants.

  1. soil pollution

air pollution

Air pollution refers to the pollution of the atmosphere by damage. Gases, particles and chemicals. Air pollution leads to a significant decrease in air quality. It causes serious health problems (especially respiratory diseases) in humans. Major sources of pollution are industrial and vehicle emissions, forest fires, dust storms, etc. Smoke (from burning hay) from agricultural fields around NCR and emissions of harmful gases and particulates from industry and vehicles lead to serious environmental emergencies almost every year.

Type of Pollution # Water Pollution:

Water is one of the most important commodities needed for the survival of any form of life. Today, water resources are the most exploited natural system since man walked the earth. Pollution of water bodies is increasing dramatically due to population growth, industrial expansion, urbanization, increasing living standards and wide fields of human activities.

The time may not be too far when pure and clean water, especially in densely populated and industrialized areas with water scarcity, will not be enough to maintain a normal standard of living.

Soil contamination

Soil can be stripped of its nutrients (and thus fertility) by a number of chemical agents, and when this occurs it is known as soil contamination. Common causes of soil pollution include pesticides, pesticides, agricultural chemicals, industrial waste, and radioactive waste. Plants depend on nutrients in the soil to grow, but many of these chemical compounds are absorbed by the nitrogen compounds in the soil that the plants depend on. Besides making an area infertile, soil pollution is a common cause of erosion, with plants and other organisms playing an important role in holding the soil together. When they die, the soil splits and begins to erode. Heavy metals that enter the soil through chemical pollution also have a devastating effect on the ecosystem because they alter the metabolism of soil-dwelling microorganisms and arthropods. These heavy metals become increasingly concentrated as they move up the food chain, often devastating predators or consuming species.

Many industries release heat energy as a by-product, and once released into the environment, this heat energy is partly responsible for global warming. Manufacturing industries release thermal energy into the air, as well as into water bodies. This in itself is not necessarily a bad thing although it can significantly alter local ecosystems. The problem is caused by an increase in carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. Carbon dioxide prevents heat from escaping from the atmosphere, so the sun’s heat, combined with excess thermal energy that is a by-product of many industries as well as vehicles, cannot escape and warms the atmosphere. Global warming is responsible for the melting of the polar ice caps which in turn has led to a rise in sea levels.

Common air pollutants:

  • particulate matter (PM)
  • carbon dioxide
  • carbon monoxide
  • oksidiN


Air pollution has many negative effects on humans and the environment. Air pollution can cause respiratory diseases and can harm the respiratory system, including the lungs. It can also cause breathing problems, headaches, and eye and throat irritation. Air pollution such as smog (smoke + haze) can reduce visibility and cause traffic accidents. (texajp_7)

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