What are the components of environment?

What is the biological environment?

The environment is defined as the complete physical and biological system that surrounds humans and other living organisms along with the various factors that affect them. The factors are soil, air, water, light, temperature, etc. These are called abiotic factors. In addition to abiotic factors, the environment is greatly affected by biotic factors, which include all forms of life such as plants, animals, microorganisms, etc.

Thus, man is an integral part of the environment. Man and the environment are in a very close relationship with each other. Human social life is influenced by the environment. This is the reason for different kinds of social and cultural activities around the world. Mountain people have a different way of life than plain people. Similarly, people around the world differ in their food, clothing, festivals, etc. All this is affected by the factors around them.

Abiotic Components

Any non-living chemical component of the environment that is used in our ecosystem is known as an abiotic component. They are present in the lithosphere. Non-living environmental chemical factors present in our environment may include,

  • sunlight
  • gaseous oxygen and nitrogen
  • temperature
  • pH scale acidic solutions Base
  • Water

Environmental Components

  • There are three main components of the environment. (texajp_14)
  • These are the following:
    1. The hardware component. (texajp_14)
    2. Biological component. (texajp_14)
    3. The social component. (texajp_14)

        1. The hardware component. (texajp_14)
        2. Biological component. (texajp_14)
        3. The social component. (texajp_14)

        Meaning and Definition:

        The term environment is derived from the French word “Environia” which means ocean. Refers to both abiotic (physical or non-living) and biotic (living) environments. The word environment means the environment in which living organisms live. Environment and organisms are two dynamic and complex components of nature. The environment regulates the life of living organisms, including humans. Humans interact with the environment more actively than other organisms. Environment usually refers to the materials and forces that surround an organism.

        Environment is the sum total of the conditions that surround us at a given point in time and space. It consists of interdependent systems of physical, biological and cultural elements that are individually and collectively interrelated. Environment is the sum of the conditions in which an organism must live or maintain its life process. It affects the growth and development of living forms.

        The physical component

        The physical component of the environment is the non-living part. Abiotic factors, which include things like air, water, soil, and climate, are also called these. The three main classes of physical elements are the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. Scientists often refer to an area of ​​life as a “biosphere” (or the world’s total ecosystem).

        The three main components of the environment are the lithosphere, atmosphere and hydrosphere. Lithosphere is the name for the solid part of the Earth. The Earth is surrounded by gaseous layers that make up the atmosphere. The atmosphere is composed of gases including oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and others. The vast amount of water that makes up most of the Earth’s surface is known as the hydrosphere. This water exists in the form of liquid, ice and water vapor. (texajp_7)

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