Almost one third of adults in Germany suffer from fatty liver. Often it remains hidden, these signs are possible.
Frankfurt – Fatty liver is the most common liver finding in Germany, millions of people suffer from it. Up to 30 percent of adult Germans are considered to be affected in this way Nuremberg Clinic relationships. As a result, liver disease is still relatively little discussed in public. They lead “a dark existence in public discussion,” explains chief physician Alexander Dechêne.
With serious consequences, because the rapid recognition of a liver disease such as fatty liver is important because it can lead to serious diseases. But symptoms are often non-specific, and a fatty liver is still usually only associated with excessive alcohol consumption. The medical situation at a glance:
Fatty liver as a silent danger: differentiation and symptoms at a glance
The reason fatty liver is often associated with alcohol consumption is that it can definitely play a role. If a lot of alcohol causes a strong accumulation of special fats (triglycerides) in the liver cells, this is called alcoholic fatty liver. According to that Federal Ministry of Health This often does not manifest itself with particular symptoms, although some sufferers complain of nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite. If fatty liver is related to alcohol, the fat can regress if you do without it. Non-alcoholic fatty liver is therefore more problematic.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFL) is highlighted aloud German Liver Foundation First place in the diagnosis of fatty liver. Symptoms are not specific, which is due to the fact that there are no pain sensors in the liver, as in other organs. According to the foundation and the Federal Ministry of Health, the following signs can occur:
- thirst and flatulence
- Severe fatigue
- sleep disorders
- Pressure or fullness in the upper right
Health: why is fatty liver so dangerous?
The fatty liver problem is mainly the secondary disease that can trigger the accumulation of fat. The best known of these are liver cirrhosis and liver fibrosis. One she studies by researchers at the Hannover Medical School has now shown that people with fatty liver are more likely to develop liver cancer. A fatty liver also has serious effects on heart health.
These habits can destroy your liver
Fatty liver: what are the causes and risk factors?
The growing number of people with fatty liver disease is often associated with an unhealthy lifestyle. Lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet are frequently cited risk factors. Overall, the following causes are underlined:
|Causes of fatty liver|
|Too little movement|
|High calorie diet|
|severe overweight (obesity)|
|Metabolic disorders (such as insulin resistance)|
|type 2 diabetes|
|Source: Federal Ministry of Health|
One study also concluded that people who eat a healthy diet can also be affected by fatty liver. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute have determined that there are specific genetic mutations behind this.
Fatty liver as a silent danger: what role does diet play?
“There is no drug therapy for the treatment of NAFL. The cornerstone of therapy is lifestyle change, ”says lei das Federal center for nutrition (bzfe). This includes, for example, regular exercise. According to the Federal Center, a 45-minute walk three to five times a week has a very positive effect on metabolism. One study found that exercise can also have positive effects on liver damage. Diet also plays an important role.
Diet and fatty liver: what foods do experts recommend
The goal is to reduce your daily calorie intake and eat a balanced diet. Carbohydrates should be significantly reduced on the menu. Why: especially the carbohydrates fructose, glucose and sucrose are associated with the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. There are foods that can help regenerate the liver. Also, noisy bfz complex carbohydrates are preferred, such as:
- whole grain products
Editor’s Note: The information provided in this article is not a substitute for a visit to a doctor. Only experts can make the right diagnosis and initiate adequate therapy. Taking medications or dietary supplements should be discussed with a doctor beforehand. (slow)